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Mental Health


By March 22, 2016 May 18th, 2019 No Comments

Depression can happen to anyone – and does happen to one in four of us over our lifetimes. Different factors that make it more likely to happen, include biological make-up, upbringing, or reaction to life events. Depression is often accompanied by other feelings such as guilt, shame, anger and anxiety.

Common causes of depression:

  • Stressful events :- such as bereavement, relationship breakdown, divorce, illness, redundancy, job or money worries and adjustment issues
  • Illness:-longstanding or life-threatening illness
  • Personality:-personality traits such as low self-esteem or being overly self-critical, inherited or early life experiences.
  • Family history:- If a family member has suffered from depression, then it’s more likely you will too.
  • Giving birth :- Postnatal depression
  • Loneliness:– Becoming cut off from your family and friends
  • Alcohol and drugs


Symptoms vary from one person to another and may include any of the following;

Psychological symptoms include:

  • continuous low mood or sadness
  • feeling hopeless and helpless
  • having low self-esteem
  • feeling tearful
  • feeling guilty
  • feeling irritable and intolerant of others
  • having no motivation or interest in things
  • finding it difficult to make decisions
  • not getting any enjoyment out of life
  • having suicidal thoughts or thoughts of harming yourself
  • feeling anxious or worried

Physical symptoms:

  • moving or speaking more slowly than usual
  • change in appetite or weight (usually decreased, but sometimes increased)
  • Constipation
  • unexplained aches and pains
  • lack of energy
  • changes to your menstrual cycle
  • disturbed sleep (for example, finding it hard to fall asleep at night or waking up very early in the morning)

Social symptoms:

  • not doing well at work
  • taking part in fewer social activities
  • avoiding contact with friends
  • neglecting your hobbies and interests
  • having difficulties in your home and family life

Author UCTS

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